The Past Simple


• We use the past simple to talk about things that happened in the past.
We usually say when they happened. We often use past time expressions;
We walked to school yesterday. She finished her homework an hour ago.
• To form the past simple of regular verbs, we add -ed or -d to the main verb:
play -> played like -> liked
tidy -> tidied stop -> stopped
• In negative sentences and questions, we use didn’t/did and the infinitive.
Did you play football yesterday? 

Употребление the Past Simple

1)Говорим о действиях, которые закончились в прошлом, если есть слово yesterday, указано точное время, указано время суток, указано время года, месяц, год, век, указан возраст, если в предложении встречаются словосочетания со словами ago, last и time, наречия last, first , next , after that , then, если есть придаточное предложение, начинающееся с when.

 Yesterday we went to the movie.  
 I rang  their doorbell several  times.  
 The Canadian singer often  sang  that song.  
 Tina didn’t sing in the school concert yesterday.  
 Her sister baked this beautiful cake on Monday.  
 John fell and hurt his knee.  
 Yesterday we played football  
 The football players arrived in London at 9 in the morning  
 Не called in the morning.  
 She didn’t work that night.  
 I worked in (the) summer.  
 They married in April, 1995  
 Gogol lived in the 19-th century.  
 Не started school at 7.  
 My brother played the guitar many years ago.  
 We went to the Zoo last Sunday.  
 When did you see him last?  
 At that time he worked in the Zoo.  
 What time did the match start?  
 First she bought one cat and then two more.  
 My brother played the guitar when he was a teenager.  
  They graduated four years ago.(When did they graduate? Four years ago. We know the time.)  
  I sprained my ankle last week.  
  Mother cleaned the windows twice last week.  
  Did Sam enjoy his trip to Wales last weekend?  
  They didn’t ‘go on holiday to Spain last year.  

2)Когда говорим о действии, используя промежутки времени и точки временного отсчёта, которые закончились.

 Paul often fought with his brother when they were young.  
He often played football with his dad when he was five.(But he doesn’t play football with his dad any more.)  
 Did I meet you in Hawaii in 2003?  
 My parents stayed in the country from June.  
 I stayed there from the beginning of July to the end of August.  
 Our teacher worked at school to the 30-th of June  
 We returned in the end of August.  

3)Когда описываем действия,  которые произошли последовательно в прошлом. Когда рассказываем истории.

 They cooked the  meal first. Then they ate  with their friends.  
 A man without a leg came to the door, took out his wrench, and started to force the lock.  
 She opened her handbag, took out a gun, aimed and fired.  
 Once upon a time there lived a little girl…  

4)  Говорим о людях, которых уже нет в живых.

 Princess Diana visited a lot of schools.  
 Mother Teresa helped the poor people of India.  

5) Используется в предложениях или вопросах, главным значением
которых является сообщение или выяснение деталей и обстоятельств, участников
события или действия.

 My brother invited 30 people to his birthday party.  
 Who broke the vase?  
 How did it happen?  
 Why didn`t you tell us about it?  
 The vikings discovered America.  
 My father smoked a lot.  
 They met at the exhibition.  
 We spoke Russian.  
 Не called too late.  

6)  Употребляется когда решительно отрицается какой-либо факт.

 I never called him.  
 We never met before.  
 I didn’t touch anything.  

7) Употребляется, если информация подаётся как факт, который нужно
принять к сведению, или человек считает необходимым выразить своё мнение.

 I forgot to buy bread.  
 I didn’t hear your question.  
 I didn’t like that place.  
 I didn’t understand your words.  
 Не didn’t call.  
 Our teacher fell ill.  
 I met him once.  
 I met Natasha this morning.  
 She told me…  

8) Если в предложении сообщается информация или делается запрос о только что

 A bee stung me!  
 Natasha pinched me!  
 Did the telephone ring?  

9) При описании / определении человека, предмета, ситуации, а также состояния
человека или природы.

 Before our neighbour was a circus clown.  
 Не always looked funny.  
 It was too late to call.  

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