Facts & Habits
I play tennis once a week.
He drives Fast.
It often rains here.
Action in progress now
I'm playing tennis now.
He's driving to Paris at the moment.
It's raining again.
Present Perfect Continuous
Action that started in the past and is still in progress
I've been playing tennis since I was 12.
He has been driving for three hours.
It has been raining all day.
Action that is complete at the time of speaking
I've played tennis with her once.
He has driven 300 km so far.
It has rained three times this week.
Action completed at a specific time in the past
I played tennis with her when we were in Spain.
He drove 100 km before sunrise.
It rained heavily last night.
Types of verbs
play, come, go, look, talk, wait, do. etc.
Only a few verbs:
be, have, exist, know, belong, understand, believe, etc.
State verbs don't take continuous tenses, only simple tenses:
I am being tired now. ————► I am tired now.
I've been being tired all day. ————► I've been tired all day.
I am having a red car. ————► I have a red car.
I've been having this car since 2006.————► I've had this car since 2006.
I am knowing this man. ————►I know this man.
I've been knowing him for many years. ————►I've known him for many years.
Four tricky verbs (1)
Have = own (state verb)
I have a red car.
Have = take / experience (action verb)
Have breakfast: I'm having breakfast.
Have a good time: They're having a good time.
Think = believe (state verb)
I think you are right.
Think = reflect (action verb)
I've been thinking about selling my house.
Live (state or action?)
I've been living here for 10 years. = I've lived here for 10 years.
Work (state or action?)
He has been working there since 2008. = He has worked there since 2008.